20 Brazilian Jiu Jitsu drill sequences:

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) is more than just a martial art, it’s a comprehensive system of self-defense, a competitive sport, and a transformative lifestyle. While the spotlight often falls on its complex web of submissions and escapes, the foundation of BJJ proficiency is built on effective drilling. Drills serve as the invisible threads that weave skill, technique, and instinct into an unbreakable fabric. Whether you’re a seasoned practitioner aiming to sharpen your edge or a novice eager to lay down strong fundamentals, drilling remains essential for growth. In this article, we delve into 20 must-know Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu drill sequences that promise to elevate your game, enhance your reflexes, and deepen your understanding of this intricate martial art.

Forward and backward shrimping

Forward and backward shrimping are fundamental movements in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) that often serve as the cornerstone for mastering more advanced techniques. These drills simulate the motion of escaping or repositioning yourself when you’re on the ground, and they are pivotal in creating the muscle memory necessary for effective defensive movements. Both newcomers and seasoned athletes will find themselves returning to these basic drills time and time again, as their relevance extends from white belt all the way to black belt levels.

Forward shrimping helps BJJ practitioners to move towards their opponent while keeping their hips elevated, allowing for offensive maneuvers like sweeps or submissions. This movement is essential in a sport where ground positioning often dictates the outcome of a match. Backward shrimping, on the other hand, is primarily a defensive maneuver. It is designed to help you escape from adverse positions by creating distance between you and your opponent, thereby giving you the space needed to execute defensive techniques or counter-attacks.

What sets shrimping apart from other BJJ drills is its focus on hip mobility and core strength. Effective shrimping movements require you to engage your core muscles and employ your hips in a manner that’s unique to BJJ. This not only builds your physical prowess but also enhances your technical abilities. Without the capacity to shrimp efficiently, executing more advanced techniques like the Guard Retention or Escaping from Side Control becomes significantly more challenging.

So whether you’re just stepping onto the mat for the first time, or you’re a seasoned competitor preparing for your next tournament, incorporating forward and backward shrimping into your regular training regimen can make a monumental difference. These drills may seem elementary, but their strategic importance in shaping a robust BJJ game cannot be overstated.

Bridging and rolling

In the dynamic world of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ), bridging and rolling are fundamental techniques that serve as both an entry point for beginners and a lasting staple for advanced practitioners. Often considered as the ABCs of ground fighting, these maneuvers provide essential skills for escaping from compromising positions, particularly from being mounted or pinned. But don’t let their apparent simplicity fool you; mastering the art of the bridge and roll requires nuanced understanding and precise execution.

The bridge and roll technique is primarily known for its effectiveness in escaping the mount position, one of the most dominant positions in BJJ and other grappling arts. By bridging your hips upwards, you disrupt your opponent’s balance, creating the necessary instability to facilitate your roll. As your hips reach their peak height, a swift and coordinated roll will often unseat your opponent, allowing you to transition from a defensive position to an advantageous one. The effectiveness of this technique lies in its leveraging of core strength and hip mobility, turning what appears to be a disadvantaged position into an opportunity for escape or reversal.

However, the technique isn’t just a brute force movement; it requires keen timing, understanding of leverage, and situational awareness. Knowing when to bridge and roll is just as important as knowing how to execute the move. For example, bridging when your opponent is well-balanced and expecting the movement is a recipe for failure and could lead to a more compromising position. On the other hand, a well-timed bridge and roll can be applied even against a more skilled and heavier opponent, highlighting its universal applicability.

For practitioners of all levels, the bridge and roll serve as a reminder that even the most complex techniques often have their roots in fundamental movements. It is a classic example of how simplicity and efficiency often triumph in a sport that is increasingly becoming known for its complexity and technical depth. Regardless of your experience level, dedicating time to perfecting your bridge and roll will undoubtedly yield dividends in your overall BJJ game, strengthening both your defensive capabilities and your foundational skills.

Scissor sweep and control tutorial

The scissor sweep is one of the quintessential techniques in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) that elegantly combines the principles of leverage, timing, and control. Originating from the guard position, this technique is a potent tool that allows a practitioner to reverse positions, going from a defensive bottom position to a dominant top role. But make no mistake: the scissor sweep isn’t just a one-trick move; it’s a cornerstone technique that opens the doors to various offensive and defensive options, making it indispensable in a BJJ practitioner’s arsenal.

The mechanics of the scissor sweep involve using one leg to chop at your opponent’s knee or thigh area while the other leg comes across their abdomen, essentially forming a “scissor” around them. The leg across the abdomen serves as a control point, preventing the opponent from easily regaining posture or balance. The sweeping motion is initiated by a coordinated effort of your hips, legs, and sometimes, the arms pulling the opponent forward to break their posture. When executed with precision, the scissor sweep can unbalance and topple an opponent with surprising ease, regardless of their size.

Control is an essential element in making the scissor sweep effective. From the onset, grip control on the opponent’s collar and sleeve can dictate the efficiency of the sweep. These grips allow you to break your opponent’s posture and to pull them into the sweep, enhancing its effectiveness. Once the sweep is completed, maintaining control is crucial. A successful scissor sweep naturally transitions you into the mount position, a dominant placement that offers a myriad of options for submissions or further control. Thus, the scissor sweep serves dual roles: it’s both a sweeping technique and a setup for additional attacks.

In conclusion, the scissor sweep is not just a basic technique taught at the white belt level; it’s a lifelong skill that you’ll find useful against even high-level practitioners. Whether you’re looking to advance your position, set up a submission, or create a scramble, the scissor sweep is a robust and versatile technique. Like any other move in BJJ, mastery comes with consistent practice, nuanced understanding, and the ability to adapt and apply the technique in live situations. Investing time in perfecting your scissor sweep will not only diversify your game but also offer you a deeper understanding of the mechanics and principles that underlie the art of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.

Guard retention and passing

The intricate dance between guard retention and guard passing is a captivating aspect of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) that speaks volumes about a practitioner’s skill, strategy, and understanding of the art. It’s a two-sided coin that captures the essence of BJJ’s offensive and defensive dimensions. On one side, guard retention involves keeping an opponent within your guard, thwarting their attempts to advance to a more dominant position. On the flip side, guard passing is the art of maneuvering around or through an opponent’s guard to secure a more advantageous position. Both elements are essential for a well-rounded BJJ game, and mastery of each requires not just physical prowess but also a deep conceptual understanding of mechanics, timing, and leverage.

Guard retention is often considered the first line of defense when you’re on the bottom. The ability to maintain your guard makes it difficult for your opponent to attack effectively and, at the same time, opens avenues for you to launch your own attacks. Skilled guard retention involves a blend of hip mobility, grip strength, and situational awareness. Techniques like the hip escape, inverting, and hooking an opponent’s limbs with your legs are part and parcel of this skill set. Effective guard retention can frustrate even the most seasoned practitioners, nullifying their offensive capabilities and creating opportunities for sweeps and submissions.

Conversely, guard passing is an essential skill set for those looking to dominate from the top position. Successful guard passing often involves a blend of speed, pressure, and cunning deception. The passer must understand not only how to neutralize the opponent’s legs and hips but also how to secure control once the guard is passed. Techniques like the knee slice, stack pass, and torreando are commonly used, each with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. A successful guard pass not only enhances your position but also dramatically opens up the opportunity for submissions and further control, tilting the match in your favor.

In both guard retention and passing, the mental game is as important as the physical. Knowing when to commit to a pass or when to focus on retaining your guard comes from experience and a deep understanding of your own game as well as your opponent’s tendencies. The two skills are also inextricably linked; being adept at guard passing can provide insights into improving your guard retention and vice versa. This dynamic interplay between retaining and passing the guard is what makes BJJ an endlessly fascinating and evolving martial art. Regardless of whether you prefer playing top or bottom game, mastering both aspects is crucial for becoming a well-rounded practitioner.

Arm bar from guard

In the complex tapestry of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ), the armbar from guard stands out as a classic and highly effective submission technique. Versatile yet nuanced, it serves as a cornerstone for beginners and remains a reliable tool for seasoned competitors. Whether you’re looking to secure a swift victory or trying to turn the tables when you’re on the defensive, mastering the armbar from guard can be a game-changer. This technique uniquely combines the principles of leverage, timing, and spatial awareness, offering a microcosm of what makes BJJ such a compelling martial art.

The armbar from guard begins from one of the most fundamental positions in BJJ—the closed guard. From here, the practitioner uses their legs and hips to control an opponent’s posture while setting up the attack on one of their arms. The idea is to isolate the arm and hyperextend the elbow joint by trapping it between your hips and legs. Achieving this requires a keen understanding of angles and leverage. The legs must climb high on the opponent’s back, and the hips must be elevated to generate sufficient pressure. Even the subtleties of grip play a role; how you hold onto your opponent’s arm can significantly impact your ability to successfully finish the technique.

However, it’s not just about the mechanical execution; strategy and timing are equally important. A poorly timed armbar attempt can result in losing your guard position and potentially getting passed. Therefore, it’s essential to recognize the opportune moment when your opponent is most vulnerable, often when they’re trying to posture up or are extending an arm to create space. Savvy practitioners also use the armbar as a segue into other techniques. If the armbar fails, it can transition into other attacks like the triangle choke or omoplata, creating a dynamic web of threats that can confound and overwhelm an opponent.

In summary, the armbar from guard is much more than a single technique; it’s a lesson in the interconnectedness of BJJ’s positional and submission hierarchies. Whether you’re new to the art or have been training for years, this technique offers layers of complexity and utility that can be peeled back over time, continually offering new insights and applications. Practicing the armbar from guard hones your understanding of essential BJJ concepts like leverage and timing, and its mastery can serve as a stepping stone to a more intricate and formidable ground game.

Triangle choke from guard

The triangle choke from guard is one of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ)’s most iconic and devastating techniques. As a submission that combines elements of strangulation and joint manipulation, it’s a move that encapsulates the essence of BJJ—efficiency through leverage and technique. Executed from the bottom position, specifically the closed or open guard, the triangle choke is not just a last-ditch effort to submit an opponent; it’s a tactical move that fits into a broader strategy, adaptable to practitioners of all levels. Whether you’re a beginner learning the fundamental submissions or a seasoned competitor looking to add another layer to your game, the triangle choke offers a range of opportunities to control or finish an opponent.

To set up the triangle choke from guard, one must first break the opponent’s posture and create the necessary angles. The legs play a critical role here, serving both as a trapping mechanism and a lever to adjust positioning. One leg wraps around the opponent’s neck while the other crosses over it, locking behind the knee to form a triangle. The arm of the opponent is also inside this loop, allowing for the dual pressure of cutting off the blood supply via the carotid arteries and manipulating the shoulder joint. The effectiveness of the choke depends on how tightly you can close this loop and how well you can control your opponent’s posture. It’s not merely a move but a system, involving nuances like angle adjustments, hip movement, and arm positioning.

The beauty of the triangle choke lies in its versatility. It can be set up as a standalone submission attempt or be used in combinations with other attacks like the armbar or omoplata. Moreover, failing to secure a triangle choke doesn’t necessarily put you at a disadvantage; often, the attempt itself can create openings for sweeps or transitions to other positions. The triangle also serves as a potent counter-attack against opponents attempting to pass your guard, making it an indispensable tool for both offense and defense.

In essence, the triangle choke from guard is a technique that rewards meticulous execution and deep understanding of BJJ principles. It serves as both an entry point into the world of submissions for novices and remains a vital part of high-level competition. Whether used as a singular attack or as part of a multifaceted strategy, the triangle choke is a testament to the depth and complexity that make Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu such an enthralling martial art. Investing time to master this technique will not only expand your submission options but also deepen your appreciation for the intricacies of ground fighting.

Kimura from guard

The Kimura from guard is a submission technique in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) that exemplifies the art’s core principle of using leverage and technique to overcome brute strength. Named after Masahiko Kimura, a judoka who famously used this joint-locking technique to defeat Helio Gracie, the Kimura is a versatile and potent tool in the BJJ practitioner’s arsenal. Executed from the bottom guard position, this submission focuses on isolating and manipulating the opponent’s arm, leading to a powerful shoulder lock. It is a move that appeals to players of all levels—easy enough for beginners to learn yet complex enough for advanced practitioners to delve into its subtleties.

Setting up a Kimura from the guard involves several critical steps. First, the practitioner needs to control the opponent’s posture and isolate the arm targeted for the lock. Grip configurations are crucial here, often involving a figure-four grip to secure the opponent’s wrist and elbow. Once the arm is isolated, the hips and legs come into play. Shifting your hips out to create an angle allows you to position your own body in a way that maximizes leverage on the opponent’s arm. The final part of the submission involves a calculated rotation of the wrist and elbow, putting immense pressure on the shoulder joint and forcing the opponent to tap out or risk serious injury.

One of the most appealing aspects of the Kimura from guard is its versatility. It can be both an endpoint and a transitional move. If the submission itself is not successful, the Kimura grip offers excellent control and can be used to transition to other positions or submissions. For example, a failed Kimura attempt can easily transition into a sweep, armbar, or even a back take, depending on the opponent’s reactions. This adaptability makes it a valuable addition to any BJJ player’s toolkit, serving various tactical and strategic needs.

In summary, the Kimura from guard is not just a powerful submission; it’s a multi-faceted technique with various applications and implications. Whether you’re a white belt learning the basics or a black belt exploring the finer nuances, the Kimura offers a deep well of opportunities for growth and mastery. Its effectiveness is a testament to the ever-evolving and interconnected world of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, where even seemingly straightforward techniques harbor layers of complexity and potential. Perfecting your Kimura from guard will not only broaden your submission game but will also offer you a more profound understanding of leverage, control, and the strategic interplay that makes BJJ such an engaging martial art.

Omoplata from guard

The Omoplata is one of those submissions in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) that serves as both an effective finishing move and a stylish testament to the art’s complexity. Performed from the guard position, the Omoplata primarily targets the opponent’s shoulder joint, immobilizing it in a way that allows the practitioner to exert enormous pressure with relatively little effort. This technique provides a sublime example of how BJJ blends finesse and brute force, control and fluidity, into a harmonious whole. It’s no wonder then that the Omoplata has found its way into instructional videos, as its utility and flair make it a must-learn for anyone serious about mastering BJJ.

Executing an Omoplata from the guard necessitates a sequence of controlled movements and precise adjustments. First, one of the opponent’s arms must be isolated, a task often facilitated by strategic grip-fighting and angle creation. Once the arm is secured, the practitioner swings their leg over the opponent’s shoulder, locking it in place near the nape of the neck. The finishing mechanics involve flattening the opponent onto their stomach while keeping the shoulder joint immobilized. While this is a simplified description, the Omoplata’s effectiveness lies in the details: the angle of the hips, the placement of the legs, and the tightness of the grip can all be the difference between a successful submission and a missed opportunity.

What makes the Omoplata particularly intriguing is its versatility. If the initial submission attempt fails, the position still offers various transitional opportunities. It can lead to sweeps, back takes, and even other submissions, making it a launching pad for a multi-pronged attack strategy. Moreover, because it is often unexpected compared to more commonly sought-after submissions like the armbar or triangle choke, the Omoplata can catch even seasoned opponents off guard.

In sum, the Omoplata from guard is a dynamic, versatile, and highly effective technique worth exploring in detail, making it an excellent topic for instructional videos. Its unique blend of strength and subtlety provides an engaging learning curve for BJJ students at all levels. Whether you’re a newcomer looking to expand your foundational skill set or a seasoned practitioner aiming to diversify your game, investing time to understand and master the Omoplata will undoubtedly enhance both your offensive and transitional capabilities. With its rich tactical depth, this technique offers a glimpse into the endless journey of discovery that is Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.

Guard recovery to guard

Guard recovery is an essential skill in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) that often doesn’t get the spotlight it deserves. While submissions and guard passes might take up the lion’s share of instructional videos and seminar topics, the ability to recover your guard is a fundamental skill that often separates the intermediate practitioners from the advanced. A well-executed guard recovery can turn the tables in a grappling match, shifting you from a vulnerable position back to a strong defensive or offensive platform. As such, it’s an integral topic for an instructional video, providing students the tools they need to become more rounded, resilient grapplers.

Guard recovery usually kicks into action when an opponent has partially or completely passed your guard and is seeking to establish a dominant position. The goal is to reposition your hips and legs in such a way that you put yourself back into a guard position, essentially “resetting” the engagement. This involves a deep understanding of timing, body mechanics, and leverage. Techniques like the “shrimp” or hip escape, the Granby roll, and the use of frames come into play, each serving a specific purpose in the larger strategy of guard recovery. Whether you’re trying to slip a knee back in between you and your opponent or you’re working to invert and spin back into position, each movement is a calculated step to regain control.

The importance of guard recovery extends beyond just the defensive aspect. Successfully recovering your guard not only denies your opponent points for the pass but also often puts them in a position where they have to respond to your actions, giving you the opportunity to go on the offensive. Moreover, the mental impact of a successful guard recovery shouldn’t be underestimated. Being able to recover your guard can be a psychological blow to your opponent, affecting their confidence and potentially leading them to make mistakes that you can capitalize on.

In summary, guard recovery to guard is a vital skill that provides a robust foundation for both your defensive and offensive game in BJJ. It’s a complex interplay of techniques, timing, and strategies, making it an ideal subject for instructional video content. Understanding the nuances of guard recovery can be a transformative experience, changing the way you approach your ground game and giving you a renewed sense of confidence, no matter what position you find yourself in. Whether you’re a beginner learning the ropes or an experienced grappler looking to tighten up your game, mastering the art of guard recovery is a journey worth undertaking.

Half guard sweeps and submissions

The half guard is often seen as a transitional phase in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ), a middle ground between being fully passed and maintaining a full guard. However, for those who delve deeper, it becomes evident that half guard is a world of its own, filled with intricate sweeps and potent submissions. Far from being a mere stopping point, the half guard can be a launching pad for a multitude of attacks, making it an excellent topic for an instructional video. Whether you’re a newcomer eager to broaden your foundation or a seasoned practitioner looking to refine your techniques, understanding the sweeps and submissions from half guard can significantly elevate your grappling game.

The sweeps from half guard are particularly fascinating because they utilize a blend of timing, leverage, and technique. Moves like the “Old School” sweep or the “Electric Chair” capitalize on an opponent’s balance and positioning, enabling you to reverse the situation and end up in a dominant position. Learning these sweeps involves understanding the intricacies of leg entanglement, hip movement, and grip fighting. But once mastered, these sweeps not only provide a path to escape from the bottom but also set the stage for a myriad of follow-up techniques, including submissions.

Speaking of submissions, the half guard also offers a range of options for finishing your opponent. From the Kimura to the Ezekiel choke, these submissions can be just as effective as their counterparts from other positions, if not more so. One of the benefits of attacking from half guard is that your opponent is often preoccupied with trying to pass, making them vulnerable to well-timed submission attempts. Mastering these submissions involves a deep understanding of the human anatomy, specifically how to isolate and manipulate joints and pressure points to elicit a tap.

In conclusion, the half guard is a treasure trove of opportunities for sweeps and submissions, making it a must-explore position for BJJ practitioners at all levels. The tactics and techniques emanating from this position showcase the art’s depth and complexity. Whether you’re looking to round out your defensive game or add new layers to your offensive strategies, the sweeps and submissions from half guard offer a robust set of tools to help you achieve those goals. An instructional video on this topic serves as an invaluable resource, breaking down these complex movements into digestible parts, allowing students to integrate them seamlessly into their existing skill set.

Side control escapes in JiuJitsu

Side control is one of those positions in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) where the difference between a seasoned practitioner and a novice becomes glaringly apparent. When you’re pinned in side control by someone who knows what they’re doing, it can feel like you’re caught in a vice grip. Every breath becomes a laborious effort, and each move feels stifled before it even begins. However, hope is far from lost. Escaping from side control is a skill that can be honed through proper technique and understanding, making it a prime subject for an instructional video. Whether you’re new to BJJ or have been training for years, mastering side control escapes is a fundamental aspect of becoming a well-rounded grappler.

Effective side control escapes involve a deep understanding of several key principles: framing, timing, and leverage. Framing helps you create the necessary space to initiate your escape. Placing your arms in strategic locations, such as against your opponent’s hips or neck, allows you to resist their pressure without exhausting your strength. Timing is critical; understanding when to make your move based on your opponent’s actions can be the difference between a successful escape and getting caught in a submission. Leverage comes into play as you use your hips, shoulders, and legs to generate the force needed to dislodge your opponent or to slip out from underneath them.

The variety of escapes from side control is another reason why this topic is perfect for a video tutorial. From the basic shrimp escape to the more advanced spinning out techniques, each escape has its place and utility depending on the specific circumstances. Learning multiple methods of escape ensures that you have an answer for different types of pressure and control that your opponent may employ. Also, being proficient in these escapes not only enhances your defensive capabilities but often provides counter-attacking opportunities. For example, a well-executed side control escape can transition into a back take or a leg entanglement, turning a precarious situation into an advantageous one.

In summary, escaping from side control is a vital skill that every BJJ practitioner needs to master. Given its complexity and the myriad of techniques involved, an instructional video on the subject can offer invaluable insights, breaking down each movement into its components for easier understanding and practice. By integrating these escapes into your training regimen, you’re not merely learning how to slip out of a tight spot; you’re gaining a more profound understanding of the mechanics and principles that underlie the art of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. This, in turn, makes you a more complete and formidable grappler, ready to face whatever challenges come your way on the mat.

Jiu Jitsu Mount escapes

Being mounted in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) can feel like being stuck between a rock and a hard place. The position inherently favors the person on top, offering them a range of attack options while limiting the bottom player’s mobility and defenses. Escaping from mount, therefore, is more than just a necessary skill; it’s a cornerstone of effective grappling. This critical aspect of BJJ becomes the perfect subject matter for an instructional video, catering to both newcomers and seasoned practitioners eager to improve their escape proficiency. Mastering mount escapes is not just a defensive tactic but a pathway to turning the tables, seizing opportunities to reverse roles and regain control.

The essence of escaping mount lies in three key principles: framing, bridging, and timing. Framing involves using your arms and elbows in a strategic manner to create barriers that inhibit your opponent’s movement and ability to apply pressure. The bridge—or “upa”—is a fundamental movement in BJJ, used to unbalance your opponent by lifting your hips off the ground. Timing is the glue that binds framing and bridging together, enabling you to capitalize on your opponent’s mistakes or shifts in balance to make your escape. Combining these elements effectively is no small feat; it requires not only physical dexterity but also a nuanced understanding of human biomechanics.

Various mount escape techniques cater to different situations and types of pressure from the top player. The basic “Elbow Escape” or “Trap and Roll” are staples in the BJJ curriculum, but there are also more nuanced escapes like the “Heel Drag” or “Peterson Roll” for advanced practitioners. Understanding when and how to employ each technique is crucial, as a poorly timed or executed escape can result in a worse position or even a submission loss. This is where an instructional video can become particularly valuable, breaking down each escape method step-by-step, highlighting the common mistakes, and providing drills to ingrain these movements into your muscle memory.

In summary, mount escapes are an indispensable part of your Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu toolkit. They offer a critical pathway from a disadvantageous position back to a neutral or advantageous one, flipping the script in a sport where position often dictates the outcome. Whether you’re a white belt learning the fundamentals or a black belt seeking to refine your skills, an instructional video on mount escapes provides a goldmine of tactical and technical insights. By incorporating these escapes into your regular training, you’re not just learning how to survive; you’re learning how to thrive under pressure, embodying the resilience and adaptability that are at the heart of BJJ.

Rear naked choke from back control


The Rear Naked Choke (RNC) is often described as the “king of chokes” in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ), a crowning jewel of submissions that combines technical finesse with raw effectiveness. Achieved from back control—one of the most dominant positions in grappling—this choke has been the finale in countless matches and self-defense scenarios. The mechanics may seem straightforward, but mastering the Rear Naked Choke involves a complex interplay of positioning, timing, and technique. These intricacies make it a quintessential topic for an instructional video, valuable for both novices wanting to learn the basics and seasoned fighters aiming to perfect their finishing moves.

One of the key elements that make the Rear Naked Choke so effective is its ability to target both the carotid arteries and the airway, making it doubly challenging for the opponent to resist. Proper hand placement, arm positioning, and torso alignment are essential for applying the choke effectively. Misalignments or gaps, even minor ones, can provide the opponent an opportunity to escape. Moreover, achieving the choke often involves a game of ‘cat and mouse,’ as the opponent is usually fully aware of the impending threat and will work diligently to prevent it. Therefore, subtle maneuvers and grip switches play a vital role, and these nuances are often what separate a successfully executed Rear Naked Choke from a failed attempt.

But the Rear Naked Choke isn’t just about the finish; it’s also about how you get there. The journey to securing back control and sinking in the choke involves strategic transitions and a keen understanding of both your own body mechanics and those of your opponent. For example, many practitioners set up the Rear Naked Choke using tactics like the “seatbelt grip” to control their opponent while they work to secure the choke or using their legs effectively to trap the opponent and restrict their movement. An instructional video can provide a comprehensive breakdown of these preliminary steps, covering everything from the initial back take to the subtle adjustments needed to cinch in the choke.

In conclusion, the Rear Naked Choke from back control is a technique that embodies the essence of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu: a blend of science and art, power and finesse. It’s a move that requires not just physical prowess, but mental acumen—understanding not only how to perform the technique, but when to apply it for maximum effectiveness. Whether you’re a newcomer eager to learn this quintessential move or a seasoned practitioner looking to hone your skills, an instructional video on this topic serves as an invaluable resource. With its potent combination of effectiveness and versatility, mastering the Rear Naked Choke will significantly elevate your game, making you a more formidable competitor and a more proficient practitioner of the art.

Americana from side control

The Americana, also known as the keylock, is a classic joint lock submission that primarily targets the shoulder, executed from the top side control position in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ). It’s a move that appears elementary but is steeped in nuance, making it both accessible for beginners and a reliable tool for seasoned practitioners. This combination of simplicity and effectiveness makes the Americana from side control a perfect topic for an instructional video. Whether you’re just stepping onto the mat or you’ve been there for years, mastering this technique can serve as a pivotal component in your submission arsenal.

The Americana is not just about cranking the opponent’s arm; it’s an intricate dance of pressure, leverage, and timing. One of the core principles for executing this submission successfully is establishing solid side control. Without effective control, even the most technically sound Americana attempt can be easily thwarted. Hence, body positioning becomes key. Your weight distribution, hip placement, and grip control all play a role in immobilizing your opponent, setting the stage for the submission. This also involves understanding how to neutralize your opponent’s defenses, such as grip fighting and bridging, to ensure that you maintain the upper hand—literally and metaphorically.

The actual mechanics of the Americana involve isolating the opponent’s arm and applying a lever motion to exert pressure on the shoulder joint. However, each step has its subtleties. For example, how you grip the wrist and the elbow, the angle at which you pin the arm to the ground, and the path you trace while rotating the arm all contribute to the efficacy of the submission. Moreover, the Americana is not just an isolated move; it often serves as a starting point for a chain of attacks. Failing to secure the Americana might lead you to other submissions like the armbar or the transition to mount, adding layers of complexity and strategy to your game. An instructional video on the Americana can provide a step-by-step breakdown, highlighting these finer points and common mistakes to avoid, making it an invaluable resource for practitioners of all levels.

In conclusion, the Americana from side control is a staple technique that offers a deep well of learning. It’s an essential submission that embodies the principles of leverage and control that are central to Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. Its importance in a grappler’s repertoire cannot be overstated, serving both as a finishing move and a gateway to more advanced techniques. An instructional video on this subject will not just teach you how to execute the Americana, but also imbue you with a deeper understanding of the dynamics at play in side control, enriching your overall grappling skill set. Whether you’re new to the sport or looking to refresh your techniques, mastering the Americana will undoubtedly make you a more formidable opponent and a more proficient martial artist.

Knee on belly transitions and submissions

The knee-on-belly position in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) is a quintessential example of controlled aggression. Situated between full mount and side control, knee-on-belly offers a unique balance of stability and mobility, making it an excellent platform for transitions and submissions. This duality gives the position its strategic depth, and it’s this rich complexity that makes knee-on-belly transitions and submissions a compelling topic for an instructional video. Whether you’re a novice seeking to expand your positional repertoire or an experienced grappler aiming to sharpen your tactical acumen, mastering the intricacies of knee-on-belly can elevate your overall game.

One of the major advantages of knee-on-belly is its versatility. The position allows for quick transitions to mount, back control, or even other submissions like armbars and chokes, depending on the opponent’s reactions. But achieving a solid knee-on-belly position is not just about planting your knee on your opponent; it involves subtle details like foot placement, hip orientation, and upper-body control. Neglecting these details can give your opponent an opportunity to escape or reverse the position. Therefore, understanding the mechanics of establishing and maintaining knee-on-belly is crucial, and an instructional video can break down these components in a digestible format, highlighting common mistakes and best practices.

Submissions from knee-on-belly are equally nuanced. While the position itself exerts pressure and discomfort, it also serves as a launching pad for various submissions like the Kimura, armbar, or even collar chokes. Here, timing and anticipation are key. A well-executed transition from knee-on-belly to a submission requires reading your opponent’s movements and exploiting openings as they appear. It’s a high-level skill that combines technical proficiency with strategic foresight. An instructional video can guide you through these transitions step-by-step, offering drills and scenarios to practice, thereby facilitating a more in-depth understanding of when and how to employ each submission effectively.

In summary, knee-on-belly in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is far more than a transitional position or a point-scoring maneuver. It’s a dynamic platform that offers a myriad of options for both control and attack, a veritable Swiss Army knife in your BJJ toolkit. By delving into the technicalities of knee-on-belly transitions and submissions through an instructional video, you not only gain a set of specific techniques but also develop a more comprehensive understanding of positional strategy. This can make you a more adaptable and formidable grappler, capable of seizing opportunities from a multitude of positions, ultimately enriching your practice and understanding of this intricate and rewarding martial art.

Takedown defense and counter-attacks

In the multifaceted world of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ), takedown defense and counter-attacks serve as critical frontiers between standing combat and ground grappling. This transition phase, often referred to as the “engagement phase,” sets the stage for the bout, determining who will secure the advantageous top position and who will be forced to fight from underneath. A strong defense against takedowns not only prevents you from being put into a compromising position but also opens up opportunities for counter-attacks. This fascinating interplay between defense and offense makes the topic of takedown defense and counter-attacks a perfect subject for an instructional video, beneficial for practitioners across all skill levels.

A robust takedown defense in BJJ involves more than just sprawling or sidestepping; it’s a blend of timing, positioning, and technique. Mastering elements like stance, grip fighting, and footwork can drastically reduce your opponent’s takedown options. Moreover, an effective defense isn’t static but adaptive, changing in response to your opponent’s movements and tactics. For instance, the defense against a double-leg takedown will be vastly different from that against a judo throw. An instructional video on this subject can offer a detailed breakdown, illustrating how to defend against a range of common takedowns seen in BJJ and providing drills to hone these critical skills.

But defense is only half of the equation. Once you’ve thwarted a takedown attempt, there’s a narrow window of opportunity for counter-attacks. These could range from submissions like guillotines and kimuras to counter-takedowns like sweeps or reaping throws. The key to successful counter-attacks lies in the seamless transition from defense to offense, executed with precision and speed. This is where the expertise of seasoned grapplers can be immensely beneficial. An instructional video can guide you through this transitional phase, showing you not just the techniques but also the conceptual framework behind them—when to go for a particular counter, how to set it up, and what to do if it fails.

In conclusion, mastering takedown defense and counter-attacks in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is akin to mastering the art of chess openings. They set the tone for the rest of the match and can often tip the scales in your favor from the get-go. An instructional video on this topic is more than just a compilation of techniques; it’s a comprehensive guide to the strategies and tactics that can elevate your grappling game. Whether you’re a beginner learning the ropes or an advanced player looking to fine-tune your skills, understanding the intricacies of takedown defense and counter-attacks provides you with a broader set of tools, making you a more versatile and formidable opponent on the mat.

Stand-up grappling and throws

While Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) is often celebrated for its intricate ground game, the importance of stand-up grappling and throws cannot be overstated. These are the gateways to the mat, the critical transition between striking range and ground combat. Understanding the nuances of stand-up grappling and throws adds a significant layer of depth to your BJJ repertoire and offers a tactical advantage in both sport competition and real-world self-defense scenarios. It’s this pivotal and multifaceted role that makes the subject an ideal focus for an instructional video, valuable for grapplers at all skill levels.

Stand-up grappling in BJJ borrows heavily from judo and wrestling, encompassing a range of techniques including trips, sweeps, and throws. Each technique requires a precise blend of timing, leverage, and body positioning. For example, executing a successful hip throw isn’t just about strength; it’s about disrupting your opponent’s balance, securing the right grips, and timing your throw to coincide with their movement. A poorly executed throw can leave you vulnerable to counter-attacks or put you in a compromised position, so the margin for error is slim. An instructional video can help break down these complex movements into manageable chunks, allowing for focused practice and mastery.

Throws and stand-up grappling also function within a broader tactical framework. Knowing when to initiate a throw versus when to disengage or transition to a different technique is crucial. It’s often a rapid, dynamic exchange where both competitors are vying for control. Your choices in this phase will set the stage for the ground game, determining who will start in a dominant position and who will be playing catch-up. Therefore, a well-rounded understanding of stand-up grappling helps you become not just a better thrower but a more strategic grappler. An instructional video can offer insights into this decision-making process, enhancing your understanding of when and how to employ various throws and stand-up techniques effectively.

In summary, stand-up grappling and throws are an integral, albeit sometimes overlooked, aspect of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. Mastering these techniques can provide you with more control over how a match unfolds, allowing you to dictate the pace and positioning from the outset. An instructional video on this topic can serve as an invaluable resource, offering technical instruction alongside strategic insights. Whether you’re new to BJJ or a seasoned practitioner looking to round out your skill set, a deep dive into stand-up grappling will not only enrich your understanding of the art but also make you a more versatile and formidable competitor.

Grip fighting and hand control

In Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ), grip fighting and hand control often serve as the unsung heroes of the grappling game. These fundamental skills are the initial chess moves in the complex interplay of attacks, defenses, and counterattacks that characterize a BJJ match. Whether you’re in a standing position vying for a takedown, or on the ground maneuvering for a submission, grip fighting is often the preliminary battle that dictates the outcome. Given the critical role that grip fighting and hand control play, they are fitting subjects for an in-depth instructional video designed to refine the skills of practitioners at all levels.

The dynamics of grip fighting involve far more than just grabbing hold of your opponent. A good grip can serve multiple functions: it can control distance, manipulate posture, and set up attacks, all while preventing your opponent from doing the same. Hand control, on the other hand, is the art of nullifying your opponent’s grip or redirecting it to your advantage. Effective grip fighting is a blend of strength, speed, and above all, technique. Knowing which grips are best suited for particular situations, how to switch grips fluidly, and how to break free from an opponent’s grasp are all nuanced skills that can make a significant difference in your grappling game. An instructional video can dissect these elements piece by piece, providing drills, examples, and best practices.

Hand control extends beyond the mere act of gripping and involves a broader understanding of leverage and body mechanics. It’s not only about who gets the grip but also about who knows how to use it effectively. By mastering hand control, you can neutralize much of your opponent’s offense and set yourself up for successful attacks and transitions. For example, you might employ two-on-one hand control to nullify an opponent’s dangerous lapel grip, thereby taking away their primary weapon in a particular guard. Instructional videos on this topic can provide a deep dive into these subtleties, transforming seemingly simple hand movements into powerful tools of control and manipulation.

In conclusion, grip fighting and hand control in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu are foundational skills that influence every aspect of the art, from takedowns to submissions. As the gateway to more advanced techniques, effective grip fighting can significantly elevate the rest of your game. A comprehensive instructional video on this topic offers not just a collection of techniques but a strategic framework within which you can adapt and excel. Whether you’re a beginner laying the groundwork or an advanced grappler looking to fine-tune your skills, a focused study of grip fighting and hand control is an investment that will pay dividends across your entire BJJ journey.

Clinch work and dirty boxing


In Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ), where ground combat is the primary focus, the art of clinch work and dirty boxing may seem like peripheral skills. However, their importance becomes immediately evident when you find yourself in a self-defense scenario or in a mixed martial arts (MMA) setting. Being proficient in the clinch and understanding the nuances of dirty boxing can give you a significant edge, particularly in those chaotic, in-between ranges where fights are often won or lost. This makes the topic of clinch work and dirty boxing a compelling subject for an instructional video, valuable for both pure BJJ practitioners and those looking to transition into MMA.

Clinch work in BJJ is not merely about pulling your opponent into your world of ground fighting; it’s about dominating the close-quarters battle to set up takedowns, throws, or even strikes. The clinch allows you to control your opponent’s posture and movement, neutralizing their striking or takedown attempts while positioning yourself for a myriad of offensive options. The strategic depth of clinch work can be overwhelming given the infinite variations of grips, underhooks, and body positioning, but an instructional video can systematically unpack these complex interactions, making them easier to understand and execute.

Dirty boxing, although more commonly associated with MMA, has its place in the BJJ practitioner’s arsenal as well, particularly for those interested in self-defense or no-gi grappling. It involves the use of short punches, elbows, and other strikes within the clinch, aiming to create openings for takedowns or more potent strikes. While the term “dirty boxing” may imply a form of fighting that skirts the rules, it is anything but that in a regulated context. Instead, it’s a specialized skill set that enables you to become more versatile and effective in close-range combat. A dedicated instructional video can provide invaluable insights into when and how to integrate dirty boxing techniques into your game, enriching your overall approach to fighting.

In summary, while clinch work and dirty boxing may not be the first skills one thinks of when considering Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, their tactical importance is hard to ignore. They offer a bridge between striking and grappling, allowing you to dictate the flow of the fight and capitalize on your strengths. An instructional video on this topic serves as a comprehensive guide, broadening your understanding of the clinch and dirty boxing while enhancing your capabilities in these often-overlooked yet crucial areas. Whether you are a gi purist, a no-gi enthusiast, or an MMA aspirant, mastering these skills will add new dimensions to your game and make you a more formidable, well-rounded combatant.

Conditioning and sparring drills.

In the landscape of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ), technique and strategy often take center stage, but without the right physical conditioning and realistic sparring drills, even the most skilled practitioners can find themselves at a disadvantage. The importance of conditioning cannot be overstated: it’s the engine that powers your technique and allows you to implement your game plan effectively. Likewise, sparring drills bridge the gap between isolated technique practice and live rolling, providing a controlled yet dynamic environment for skill development. These elements collectively form the bedrock of a comprehensive BJJ training regimen, making them prime subjects for an instructional video aimed at enhancing performance and resilience in practitioners of all levels.

Conditioning in BJJ is a unique challenge. Unlike many other sports, it requires a well-rounded approach to fitness that includes strength, flexibility, endurance, and agility. However, not all conditioning exercises are equally beneficial for a BJJ athlete. Specific workouts can hone in on the muscles and movements most crucial for grappling, enabling you to exert force, maintain positions, and resist submissions more effectively. Conditioning workouts also need to be designed with the sport’s unique demands in mind, such as the ability to exert energy in bursts for explosive movements or sustain a moderate output over the duration of a match. A dedicated instructional video can break down the most effective exercises for BJJ, helping you build a targeted conditioning routine that translates directly into improved performance on the mat.

Sparring drills, on the other hand, help bridge the theoretical and practical aspects of the sport. While isolated technique practice is valuable for learning new moves, sparring drills place these techniques into a more realistic context, challenging you to apply them against a resisting partner. These drills can range from position-specific scenarios, like escaping from side control, to more complex, free-flowing exchanges that mimic the unpredictability of a real match. A well-structured instructional video can offer a range of sparring drills tailored to various skill levels, allowing both novice and experienced grapplers to elevate their game through focused, intentional practice.

In conclusion, conditioning and sparring drills are integral components of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu training that complement the acquisition of techniques and strategies. They offer the physical preparedness and practical experience necessary for success, whether you’re competing, sparring, or engaging in self-defense. An instructional video that delves into these topics provides more than just a collection of exercises and drills; it offers a roadmap to becoming a more complete, effective, and resilient BJJ practitioner. Therefore, regardless of your skill level or competitive aspirations, a comprehensive understanding of conditioning and sparring drills is essential for anyone serious about excelling in this complex and demanding sport.

Jiu-Jitsu Training Diary: Training journal/diary/log

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YouTube channels used for each drill sequence:

  1. Gracie University: This channel provides instructional videos on Brazilian Jiu Jitsu techniques and drills, including the forward and backward shrimping drill.
  2. BJJ Fanatics: This channel provides instructional videos on Brazilian Jiu Jitsu techniques and drills, including the bridging and rolling drill.
  3. BJJ Library: This channel provides instructional videos on Brazilian Jiu Jitsu techniques and drills, including the scissor sweep and control drill.
  4. Bernardo Faria BJJ: This channel provides instructional videos on Brazilian Jiu Jitsu techniques and drills, including guard retention and passing drills.
  5. Marcelo Garcia: This channel provides instructional videos on Brazilian Jiu Jitsu techniques and drills, including arm bar from guard and triangle choke from guard drills.
  6. 10th Planet Jiu Jitsu: This channel provides instructional videos on Brazilian Jiu Jitsu techniques and drills, including omoplata from guard and guard recovery to guard drills.
  7. Andre Galvao: This channel provides instructional videos on Brazilian Jiu Jitsu techniques and drills, including half guard sweeps and submissions.
  8. Gordon Ryan: This channel provides instructional videos on Brazilian Jiu Jitsu techniques and drills, including side control escapes and mount escapes drills.
  9. Polaris Pro: This channel provides instructional videos on Brazilian Jiu Jitsu techniques and drills, including the rear naked choke from back control and Americana from side control drills.
  10. John Danaher: This channel provides instructional videos on Brazilian Jiu Jitsu techniques and drills, including knee on belly transitions and submissions, takedown defense and counter-attacks, and stand-up grappling and throws drills.

These are some of the top Brazilian Jiu Jitsu channels on YouTube that provide instructional videos and drills to help you improve your skills.

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